The citizens of the Roman Republic had many rights to protect themselves from the government just like Americans today. These rights were organized into two categories. The first category is public rights. The second one is private rights. Also, the Twelve Tables were guidelines much like our constitution.

There were not as many public rights as private rights. Here are a few examples of rights from the Roman Republic. The right to serve the army. The right to pay tax by tribe. The right to pay certain taxes for your group. Voting in the people's assembly. Able to be a priest or magistrate. That right was only enjoyed by Patricians at first, but evenually shared.

The private rights were appeal without punsihment, which helped people who appealed government rulings. The was a law stateing no roman could be crucified. Also only treason after trial is the way to be sentenced to death.

The Twelve Tables contained rights also. You must go if summoned for a witness in a trial. You have thirty days to pay off debt. Bonds are binding. It also deals with injuries, penalties, funerals, marriages (between classes), and other affairs.

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The Government Structure, Offices, and Various Assemblies of the Roman Republic

The Roman Republic's power was shared. Here are the offices of the Republic:
Consul(x2) - head of state
Dictator - appointed for 6 month in time of crisis
Pontifex Maximus - head of religion
Censor - in charge of public morality
Praetor - law officer
Aedile - in charge of public works
Quaestor - treasurer
The assemblies also controlled aspects of Roman life. These are the various assemblies:
Senate - patrician assembly
Comitia Curiatia - dealt with Roman life and religion
Comitia Centuriata - military assembly
Concilium Plebuis - plebian assembly
Comitia Tributa - Tribal assembly
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Population of the Roman Empire

Works Cited
Nardo, Don. From Founding to Fall: a History of Rome. San Diego, CA: Lucent, 2003. Print.
Nardo, Don. The Collapse of the Roman Republic. San Diego, CA: Lucent, 1998. Print.
"Roman Republic." Roman Colesseum. Web. 11 May 2011. <roman-colesseum.info>.
"The Roman Republic." The Roman Empire. Web. 11 May 2011. <http://www.roman-empire.net/republic/rep-index.html>.