SPQR and the Twelve Tables

When the Rome became a republic they created the a system of law called the Twelve Tables. During this time the also came up with a campaign which was SPQR. SPQR stood for, in latin, was Senatus PopulusQue Romanus; in english it means the Senate and the Roman People.

The Creation of the Twelve Tables
After the monarchy, Rome fell into two groups, the Plebians and the Patricians. Plebians were the poor common folk without much power but made up of most of the population. The Patricians were the exact opposite, they were rich land owners with a a lot of the power. The Patricians controlled the goverment and made all the laws in their favor, so the Plebians left Rome. The Patricians soon realized that they could not function with more than half of their population gone. They decided to try to regain the Plebian population.They did this by agreeing to create the Twelve Tables. Decemuruis, ten Patricians, wrote the Twelvle Tables according to the Plebians needs. The Decemuruis wrote some laws for in their favor,even though they weren't supposed to.

The Twelve Tables

The tables were written in 451 B.C. They were the first written laws of the Roman Republic. It included old laws and some new.
They were written on bronze tablets and were put on display in the Forum. The Twelve Tables talked of property,crime,family,marriage,theft, inheritence,and
emphasized individual rights as "common sense laws".
The Twelve Tables on Display


SPQR was a public campaign to reasure the people that all kings were gone. It stood for Senatus Populusque Romanus or The Senate and People of Rome. The slogan was chiseled into anything owned by the state, including buildings, coins, benches and armor.
The Flag of SPQR
SPQR Emblem on a Military Staff
SPQR Emblem on a Military Staff

Bannon,C.T.."Twelve Tables." World Book Encyclopedia. 2010 ed. Vol.19. Chicago:World Book,Inc, 2010. 531.Print.
"SPQR."Mr.Donn Social Studies.10 May, 2011<http://rome.mrdonn.org/SPQR.html>
"Twelve Tables."Mr.Donn Social Studies. 10 May, 2011 http://rome.mrdonn.org/SPQR.html>