When Alexander the Great passed away in 323 B.C causing anarchy throughout Greece, Greece was never really the same. Rome, a growing area in the west, soon became interested in the affairs of Greece. This resulted in a series wars between Rome and Greece. One of the first Greek-Roman wars happened between 214 BC and 205 BC. This ended with Rome backing out of the war because they were still recovering from the war with Carthage. Positive conditions went to Greece. However, Rome still had fanfare in IIIyrium, a northern Greek province.

Round two of these wars started in 200 BC and came to a close in 196 B.C. How could Rome find themselves in yet another war when they are barely recovered from the first war? However, this time the tables were turned. King Philip V of Macedonia would not cease making threatening moves against southern city-states. These city-states requested recourse from Rome and a pact was created. With the help of Rome, King Philip V lost his reign over areas outside of Macedonia and was forced to regard southern city-states as independent.

The third war started in 171 BC and ended in 168 BC. Romans began to question the motives of King Philip V's descendant, Perseus. The Romans had enough and in 172, affirmed war on Perseus. Perseus and his forces were later defeated at Pydna in the year of 168 BC. As a result, the current dynasty was put to an end and Greece was transformed into four republics of Rome.

The fourth war (can be classified as a revolt) between Rome and Greece happened between 149 and 148 BC. Many Greek rebels wanted their beloved government back to the old days before the Romans intervened. Many rebels overran the government in Greece including Macedonia. The rebels also attempted to overrun southern Greece as well but were eliminated by the Romans in 148 BC under the leader Metellus Macedonicus. The Romans destroyed the Greek city-state of Corinth, and Greek resistance was ended by the Romans. In 146 BC, Greece officially became part of the Roman Empire.

The economy of Greece was at a highpoint while under Roman control. The economy was especially motivated by the
building of Via Egnatia, a road constructed by the Romans in the 2nd century BC. This road crossed the Roman provinces of Illyrium, Macedonia, and Thrace. Moreover, improved living conditions brought increase in the number artisans and craftspeople to the region. Greek nationals held medical jobs throughout Rome. A plethora of citizens held public construction jobs throughout Rome and Greece. The economy was certainly not a concern.

Roman soldiers on horseback
Via Egnatia
Map of Via Egnatia

Work Cited

Krentz, Peter. "Greece, Ancient." World Book Student. World Book, 2011. Web. 12 May 2011.
Borza, Eugene N. "Greece, Ancient." Reviewed by Paul Cartledge. The New Book of Knowledge. Grolier Online, 2011. Web. 12 May 2011.
Heaton, Chris. "Macedonia." UNRV History. Chris Heaton, n.d. Web. 12 May 2011. <http://www.unrv.com/provinces/macedonia.php>.
Gill, N.S. "What were the provinces of the Roman Empire?." About.com. The New York Times Company, n.d. Web. 13 May 2011. <http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/romemaps/f/RomanProvinces.htm>