The Founding of Rome
and the Early Monarchy

Rome was founded in 753 B.C. by the Agrarian Italic people who lived south of the Tiber River. At the time, there were many independent city-states. There are some legends on how Rome was founded, such as “Romulus and Remus” or “The Legend of Aeneas.” The early Romans spoke Latin and the civilization consisted of the Roman settlers only. Early Rome copied many aspects of the Greek civilization such as architecture, religion, and sophistication. Rome was known as “The Eternal City” after being established.

The Tiber River

The Two Theories

Romulus and Remus
Romulus and Remus
Many people in the world are still not sure who founded Rome. As you have read above, Rome was founded in 753 B.C; yet, who was the one who founded this marvelous city? One theory, that not everyone knows about, is the legend of Aeneas. Aeneas was a great warrior who everyone in Italy loved. During his time, people thought that he was the father of Ancient Rome. They also thought that Aeneas was their ancestor and would continue to be an ancestor for the future generations of Roman people.

The other theory is that Romulus and Remus founded Rome. They were brothers who had a horrible childhood. A cruel king, named Amulius, tried to drown them. As the boys floated down the Tiber River, a female wolf dragged them into her den. She soon became their mother by feeding them and housing them too. Later in their lives they were taken in by a shepherd. As they grew up they decided to create a city of their own on the banks of the Tiber River because of the great strategic land and because they grew up their. Soon later, Romulus killed Remus and then killed Amulius for revenge. The city was thought to be named Rome because of the name Romulus. The Monarchy
The Monarchy was Rome’s first government. The popular belief was that it consisted of seven kings. The kings in order were Romulus, Numa Pompilus, Tullius Hositillius, Ancus Marcius, Tarquinius Priscus, Servius Tullius, and lastly Tarquinius Superbus. At about 509 B.C the last king was driven out of Rome. The Roman citizens were done with the tyranny of the kings and they made the decision to set up a Republic. That Republic consisted of two consuls with equal power. Early Roman Life
Life in early Rome was very simple. “Being a conservative agrarian society, Romans held strong moral values that permitted them to hold together as a group and eventually consider themselves superior to the other peoples.” (“Early Rome.”) The Romans were strong workers, self-reliant, and cautious. Roman families all had strong social standings. The father of the family acted as the patriarch, he held all of the power. The women played a strong role in the children’s lives. Also, the slaves were treated as a part of the family in almost every household.

Ancient Rome and Rome Today
Rome back then and Rome now are very different. The way of living is extremely different. As we know, people today that live in Rome live in apartments and houses. On the other hand, back then, they lived in mud huts on low hills. They had chosen the site of the hills and valleys because they were easy to defend and control trade routes. In addition, the labor was very different. Back then, they had slaves to do all of what the Romans asked them to do. Today, we have all different kinds of jobs like butchers, cooks, and bakers. Rome was very different long ago!

Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome
Rome Today
Rome Today

Works Cited
Simon, James. Ancient Rome. New York: DK Publishing, 1990. Print.

Malan, John. Time Travel Guides: Ancient Rome. Chicago: Raintree, 2008. Print.

Ward, Allen M. "Rome, Ancient." The New Book of Knowledge. Grolier Online, 2011. Web. 10 May 2011.