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This is an example of how Cleopatra designed her eye to make herself look like an Egyptian, even though she was Greek.


CLEOPATRA











Early Life

Cleopatra was born in 69 B.C. into the Ptolemaic Dynasty. Her father was Ptolemy XII and her mother was also named Cleopatra. Cleopatra had older sisters named Berenice and Cleopatra VI and a younger sister, Arsinoe IV. She also had two younger brothers, Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV. It was thought that Cleopatra's mother died, and, therefore, her father had her sister, Berenice, beheaded. After Cleopatra's father died, Pompey was left in charge of all of the children, including Cleopatra. Before anything happened with the family life, Cleopatra co-
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This is a picture of Cleopatra. She is seen wearing her Egyptain famous head dress. It is elaborately decorated.
ruled with her father. After he died, Cleopatra co-ruled with her ten-year old brother, and they eventually got married.

Ruling with her Brother

In 49 B.C., the young Ptolemy's gaurds helped him drive Cleopatra away from the throne so that he could lead as sole- ruler. In 48 B.C., Julius Caesar came in pursuit of Pompey after war between the two of them. When he got there, Caesar met Cleopatra. They then developed a romantic relationship. Caesar eventually took control of Egypt, but before he left to go back to Rome, he put Cleopatra in charge with another one of her brothers, Ptolemy XIV. In 47 B.C., Cleopatra gave birth to a baby boy. He was first known as Ptolemy-Caesar, and then was recognized as Caesar's son, Caesarion. Cleopatra then made a trip to Rome with her brother and son, as Caesar requested, She then stayed in Rome until Caesar was killed in the back room of Pompey's theatre. After Cleopatra returned to Egypt, she had her brother, and co-ruler, killed so that she and her son could rule.

Cleopatra and Mark Antony

In 41 B.C., Mark Antony invited Cleopatra to Tarsus in Asia Minor. Mark Antony then became the ruler of Rome, along with Octavian, Caesar's nephew and adopted son, and Marcus Aemilius Lepidus. Because Mark Antony wanted to be the

sole-ruler of Rome, he used

Cleopatra for financial aid. In 40 B.C., Mark Anotony and Cleopatra began an affair, and ended up having twins. The twins' names were Alexander Helios and Cleopatra Selene. For political reasons, Antony left Cleopatra and married Octavia (Octavian's sister). Eventually, Anotony left Octavia and resumed his affair with Cleopatra. After this, in 36 B.C., they had a son named Ptolemy Philadelphos. Cleopatra and Mark Anotony worked together to achieve their ambitions; however, their ambitions were not the same. Anotony wanted to take over Egypt as the sole ruler. Cleopatra's ambition was to protect Egypt from being taken over by Rome. Finally, in 34 B.C., Cleopatra and Mark Antony got married. He appointed her and Caesarion rulers of Cyprus, Egypt, Lybia, and areas along the Syrian coast. Also, he appointed their shared sons and daughters much of the land once ruled by Alexander the Great,

Octavian was mad and jealous and claimed that Mark Antony had turned CLeopatra into a helpless puppet. In 32 B.C., Octavian went to war against Cleopatra and Antony. In the year of 31 B.C., Cleopatra and Anotony lost to Octavian in the Battle of Actium.

Death

Mark Antony and Cleopatra returned to Alexandria, but, Octavian followed them. In 30 B.C., to stop the persuit of Octavian, Cleopatra

spread a rumor that she committed suicide. In despair, Antony took his life and he died in her arms. Cleopatra feared that she would be pubically humiliated, and she took her life by letting a snake kill her. In fear that he might claim to be Julius Caesar's successor, Romans killed Caesarion.

The Search for her Artifacts

Burried benaeth the sea after a tsunami and earthqauke centuries ago, archaeoligist today found priceless artifacts and relics from her

reign. Most of the artifacts of the time included statues. Also, the search for her tomb is still going. The Franklin Institute previously displayed these artifacts. The display took visitors inside the search for Cleopatra.
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These pictures are of some of the artifacts that were found from Cleopatra's time. They were part of the Franklin Institute.

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Work Cited"Cleopatra," World Book Encyclopedia. 2010 ed. Vol. 4. Chicago: World Book, Inc., 2010. Print. "Cleopatra- The Search for the Lost Queen of Egypt." Franklin Institute. May 11 2011. http://www.fi.edu/cleopatra/"Cleopatra VII Ptolemaic Dynasty." Tour Egypt. May 11 2011. http://www.touregypt.net/cleopatr.htm