ANCIENT ROMAN BRITAIN


  • Between the 7th and 5th centries, the Celtic tribe was the first main land tribe in Europe that migrated to the British Isles.
  • Despite the fact that the Celtic tribe was the most powerful tribe in Europe in 300 BCE, it oriented towards varying tribes and was never able to build a unified Kingdom that prevented tribal warfare. 
  • They lacked any skills which ultimately led to an invasion and conquest by the Romans, which started in 55 BC.
  • Julies Caesar led this invasion from Gaul.
  • The Romans would not return for another century.








  • Within a generation, southern Britain and Whales were controlled by the Romans.
  • Although the Catuvellauni King, Caratacus, rebelled for 8 years, it was not enough.
  • In 60 CE, Queen Boudice led a revolt that defeated 3 Roman colonies, but she was defeated by Seutonius Paulinus which resulted in most of the Britannias to accept the Roman occupations.

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  • Even though Rome took over, it was not long until they were defeated again.
  • Heavy military defeat on the, which Danube forced the Roman's to withdraw part of their army from Britain in 87-88 CE.


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  • Like their northern army, the southern army also abandoned their Antonine Wall.
  • At the end of the 4th century, the remaining soldiers in Caledonia deserted their outposts.


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  • The huge, dramatic, migration of the Saxons invaded Britain, leaving the Roman citizens that were left behind to fend for themselves. That condenses the Roman population.




Work Cited"Ancient Roman Caledonia." Ancient Web. 2009. Web. 17 May 2011."Roman Britain." Key Posters. n.d. Web. 17 May 2011."Roman Britain." Britain: prehistoric and Roman Britain. n.d. Web. 11 May 2011."Roman. Britain." Youtube. 2 August 2008. Web. 11 May 2011."Roman Britain." UNRV History. n.d. Web. 11 May 2011."The Angelo-Saxons in Britain." Youtube. 29 December 2010. 17 May 2011.