Augustus was born on September 23, 63 BC as Gaius Octavius Thurinus. Octavian was born into a aristocratic family, and was very unhealthy, having chronic stomach problems, kidney stones, liver abscesses, a limp, and spots covering his body. His father died when he was four years old, and was then raised by his dictator uncle Julius Caesar, who Octavian grew very close to. Octavian studied Greek philosophy, literature, and public speaking in preparations for a government career. Upon his Julius Caesar's death, Ceasar left a will in which he adopted Octavian, and left 3/4 of his vast fortune to Octavian.

In 43 BC, the Second Triumvirate began and included Octavian, Mark Antony, and Marcus Aemilius Lepidus. When Lepidus died, Marc Antony and Octavain split Rome in half, ruling with a military dictatorship. Octavian controlled a majority of the Roman legions, granting him immense power, enough to rule over the Senate. Octavian and Antony later fought Marcus Junius Brutus and Gaius Cassius Longinus, the murderers of Julius Caesar. After two battles, Octavian and Antony won. Antony went on to lead a campaign against Parthia, but later summoned Cleopatra of Egypt about the charges against her in which she supposedly helped Brutus and Cassius. Instead, Antony fell in love with her and followed her back to Egypt.

Octavian later accused Marc Antony of planning to rule Rome with Cleopatra from Egypt. Never having military skills, Octavian relied on his general Agrippa to fight for him. In 31 BC Octavian defeated Marc Antony and Cleopatra in The Battle of Actium for the control of Rome. The Senate renamed Octavian to Augustus, meaning "Revered One" in 27 BC, as well as proclaiming him a god to be worshipped.

Augustus was the first emperor of Rome. When he was emperor he built temples and theaters, annexed Egypt, Dlamatia, Pannonia, Ractia, and parts of Africa, enlarging the already giant empire, developed complex road networks and reformed taxation, improving Rome as a whole. He later married a women named Scrobonia, a relative of Pompey. Augustus later divorced her and married another women named Livia Drusilla. When Augustus was close to death, he had no survivng son to give his empire to, so he gave it to Tiberius, Livia's son, and his adopted son, a reluctant man in his forties. Augustus died in August 19, 14 AD.

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Jubson Knight. Julius Ceasar. Ancient Civilzation Biography. UXL. Detroit. 2000.
"Augustus (63 BC to 14 AD)." Roma. 11 May, 2011
"Augustus Gaius Julius Octavius (63 BC - AD 14)" Quinnipec University Online 11 May, 2011.