ArchItectural Achievements



Introduction
The Roman Empire at it's height was the most advanced civilization at the time. It's creativity had no bounds any new idea that helped the prestige of Rome was embraced by everyone. With the spoils of war coming to Rome from newly conquered lands new ideas and people came offering help to make Rome the most advanced city in the world. Soon aqueducts bringing water from distant mountain tops solved the problem of supplying a city of one million. The most famous of all architectural achievements was the aqueduct. Since modern day plumbing was not available at the time architects had to find a way to get water to the people and the Roman Imperator(Emperor). The aqueduct was a long ston bridge with arches below it to transfer water from one place to .The greatest idea ever thought up by the Romans themselves was the Dome. Put into almost every single monument today it is created by setting arches up next to each other creating a huge ceiling that showed the might of Rome.

















Aqueducts
The arch helped evenly distribute the weight of the things above it so by using less materials it could handle large amounts of pressure.The aqueduct one of the many of great ideas to supply cities with water. It lit the keg that started the hydraulic revolution and started modern day plumbing. To supply the growing city with water, Roman engineers created aqueducts at the top of mountains to turn the melting snow into fountain water and bathwater. Sometimes when a valley was in the way to save building material the engineers simply laid down pipes underground so that in times of war the water could not be tampered with or poisoned. Although Rome built a lot of aqueducts over time only a few survived that still work. the most famous of the all was the Segovia Aqueduct in Spain. At the height of the Empire, 11 aqueducts were built over time to supply the city. For a city of one million every day Rome was able to supply each person in the city with one cubic meter of water this even even more water than some citys can supply to thousands today. Eventually the Western Empire was unable to repel the invading barbarians and almost all of the Aqueducts were destroyed except the Alexandria Aqueduct which was completely underground. For a time when they thought leeches healed you, the Romans were pretty smart.


external image 1.1284479452.3_aqueduct.jpg







Roads
Another Architectural achievement was the Roman road. Roman engineers made it easy for the legions of Rome to march because the roads were paved with stone unlike the dirt roads of other kingdoms. Over the years Roman engineers built a network of roads spanning over 50,000 miles. the old saying "All roads lead to Rome is true" Rome was the commercial and economic hub of the empire until the fall of the western empire. Mostly used for the legions , horse driven carts became common carrying mail of the Senators, Legatus's, and the Emperor himself. The most famous of all Roman roads was the Via Appia stretching from Rome to Tarentum. The Roman engineers get even more creative by putting a crest in the middle of the road for water runoff. By the end of the empire the roads became a nuisance because they go both ways and made it easy for barbarians to travel and attack the cities. At the Fall of the western empire the roads fell into disreapair and misuse being left to the scourges of history making Roman roads a thing of the past.




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The Via Appia Near Capua A modern Day road built on top of a Roman road





Conclusion
To conclude the ingenuity of the Romans knew no bounds at its peak the creativity of it engineers mad it the most advanced civilization of its time. With roman roads the legions could advance across vast distances in days. The aqueducts provided water for the people of Rome and other cities. The Awueducts built some still stand and others still work. The roman roads still exist as well and are used today as well as sidewalks and paths. There existsance proves that the Romans built to last and wanted there legacy to echo through the ages. In conclusion for thousands of years no other civilization could match Romes might until the beginning of the 17th century.











Works Cited

  • "Roman road" Faith interface. May 10, 2011.
http://www.faithinterface.com.au/apologetics/the-gospel-message-via-the-romans-road
  • "Segovia Aqueduct" Aqueduct. May 10, 2011
http://www.travelpod.com/travel-photo/annastolz/1/1284479452/3_aqueduct.jpg/tpod.html
  • "Roman Road"Wales directory. May 10, 2011
http://www.pictures.walesdirectory.co.uk/pictures.php?id=1215
  • "Engineering an Empire" Youtube. May 10, 2011
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W1phqEmyxGY&feature=related
  • "Engineering An Empire"Youtube. May 10, 2011
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jGN-KDH1A34&feature=related